Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Spring
Rosalba Carriera (Italian Rococo artist, 1675-1757) was born in Venice, to a lower-middle-class family. As a child, she began her artistic career by making lace-patterns for her mother. As snuff-taking became popular, the young Carriera began painting miniatures for the lids of snuff-boxes, & was one of the 1st painters to use ivory for this purpose. Gradually, this work evolved into full-scale portrait-painting, for which she used pastels. She pioneered a new genre of portraits done in pastel, a medium appealing to Rococo styles for its soft edges & flattering surfaces. But it was her portraits of noble or wealthy Europeans which made her famous all over the continent, not her depictions of Spring & Flora. She was elected to the Academie Royale in 1720.